On it, she criticized the hypocritical double standard of sexual habits and two-confronted family relations beliefs

On it, she criticized the hypocritical double standard of sexual habits and two-confronted family relations beliefs

42 Zofia Nalkowska (1884-1954): a prose copywriter, dramatist, and you may respected essayist. In interwar period she became among Poland’s most well known feminist writers out-of novels, novellas, and you can phase performs described as socio-reality and you may mental depth. Inside her weblog, Nalkowska boldly tackled subjects that have been hard and controversial at this go out, such as for instance eroticism.

43 Jadwiga Sikorska-Klemensiewiczowa (1871-1963): a great pharmacist, plus one of earliest specialized female people from the records out of Jagiellonian School, just after graduating on below ground Traveling School. She turned into the original chairwoman of your General Relationship at the office Women in Poland.

forty-two Scholastyka Ostaszewska (1805-1851?): a social activist and you will an underground hvorfor Гёnsker Ghanaian kvinner amerikanske menn freedom activist. She belonged toward category Entuzjastki (a modern association based into the 1830 by a small grouping of female intellectuals in support of equivalent legal rights for men and you can women). Doing 1848 she was active inside a lady department of the Polish People’s Spring season direction, hence battled having freedom out of Surfaces. In the 1851 she is actually place not as much as rigorous police oversight of the Russian occupants. Their particular go out from dying are unfamiliar.

forty-five Alina Szapocznikow (1926-1973): an excellent sculptor and you will illustrator symbolizing the newest surrealist, nouveau realist, and you can pop artwork movements. She’s mentioned one of the most essential Shine writers and singers regarding their age group. She was created to a polish-Jewish family unit members and you can live the fresh Holocaust from inside the Nazi Germany’s occupation off Poland. That point out-of their unique lifetime made a giant effect on her artwork.

46 Zofia Daszynska-Golinska (1866-1934): a good socialist politician, suffragette, university professor, and you may very early female senator during the interwar Poland. She try a member of an abundance of top feminist companies, including the Absolutely nothing Entente of females.

She written a visual language out of her own so you’re able to echo the fresh new transform happening in your body and you will delivered this new toning material and you will types of phrase

47 Kazimiera Bujwidowa (1867-1932): a notable feminist and you may suffragette in the Poland. She try working in techniques to evolve standard education and you will literacy inside the Warsaw and you will Krakow, and she structured the original Krakow Studying Space for females. She’s paid with undertaking the initial paigning to own ladies’ admission so you’re able to Jagiellonian College once the youngsters (because they got in 1897).

forty eight Maria Kokoszynska-Lutmanowa (1905-1981): a notable logician and you will composer of education into the viewpoints, methods, epistemology, and you will semantics. For the majority decades immediately following WW2, she try viewed as unsafe sufficient because of the communist government in order to be deprived of your to instruct philosophy, being able to train reasoning merely.

49 Gabriela Zapolska (1857-1921): good novelist, playwright, naturalist copywriter, feuilletonist, cinema critic, and you can phase actress. She acquired by far the most identification for their unique socio-satirical comedies in which she mocked the brand new ethical hypocrisy of your top categories (she by herself was created so you can a refreshing group of Gloss landed gentry). Their own most well-known performs, New Morality regarding Mrs.

Dulska (printed in 1906), became an option are employed in very early modernist Shine drama

50 Stefania “Barbara” Wojtulanis (1912-2005): a talented glider, balloon and you will system routes pilot, and you will parachute-moving teacher (she acquired permits for all of the above before their 24th birthday). At the beginning of WW2 she is actually promoted towards rank regarding basic lieutenant, allotted to all round personnel of the Gloss army, and you will flew objectives to deliver stamina towards fighter brigade protecting up against the 1939 attack toward Warsaw. She is actually exhausted so you can Great britain within the 1940 and soon after tasked to the Sky Transportation Additional because the an effective ferry pilot, in which she logged over 1,000 period out of traveling. She are double provided the fresh new Silver Cross out-of Merit getting their unique services into the war and you will is honoured at Around the globe Tree from Friendship which have an excellent plaque to own their unique aviation success.




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